Groundwater – Middle and High School

Students will use the Groundwater Model to examine the complete water cycle and discover the movement and storage of water from the surface through underground soil and bedrock layers. Students will see the immediate effect of groundwater contamination through agricultural & urban runoff, hydrofracking, various pipelines (fossil fuels & sewer systems), waste storage (ie: landfills, mining waste, septic tanks, etc), and more. Students will identify ways in which this can be remediated, including preserving green space, reducing use of potential pollutants, and properly disposing of waste. Follow-up activities for teachers include Percent Porosity, Density, and Volume calculations.

Grade: 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, Middle School, and High School.

Science SOLs: LS.6, LS.10, ES.8, BIO.2

Concepts and Vocabulary Introduced

Aquiclude, Aquifer, Artesian Well, Bedrock, Confined Aquifer, Discharge Area, Flow-Through Lake, Groundwater, Infiltration, Nonpoint Source Pollution, Permeability, Point Source Pollution, Porosity, Recharge Area, Runoff, Saturated Zone, Unsaturated Zone, Water Conservation, Wetlands, Hydraulic Fracturing (Hydrofracking)

Equipment Needed: Paper Towels, Sink

Duration: 45 - 60 minutes

Support Materials

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